Colorized PowerShell Script (HTML und RTF)

Für PowerShell ISE. Kopiert den Inhalt des selektierten Script Pane in die Zwischenablage, lässt sich z.b. in Word oder Live Writer fixfertig formatiert einfügen.

http://www.leeholmes.com/blog/2009/02/03/more-powershell-syntax-highlighting/

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################################################################################
# Set-ClipboardScript.ps1
#
# The script entire contents of the currently selected editor window to system
# clipboard. The copied data can be pasted into any application that supports
# pasting in UnicodeText, RTF or HTML format. Text pasted in RTF or HTML
# format will be colorized.
#
# See also:
# http://blogs.msdn.com/powershell/archive/2009/01/13/
# how-to-copy-colorized-script-from-powershell-ise.aspx
# http://www.leeholmes.com/blog/SyntaxHighlightingInPowerShell.aspx
# http://www.leeholmes.com/blog/RealtimeSyntaxHighlightingInYourPowerShellConsole.aspx
#
################################################################################

[CmdletBinding()]
param($Path, [Switch] $AsHtml)

function Get-ScriptName
{
    $myInvocation.ScriptName
}

if($path -and ([Threading.Thread]::CurrentThread.ApartmentState -ne „STA“))
{
    PowerShell -NoProfile -STA -File (Get-ScriptName) $path
    return
}

$tokenColours = @{
    ‚Attribute‘ = ‚#FFADD8E6‘
    ‚Command‘ = ‚#FF0000FF‘
    ‚CommandArgument‘ = ‚#FF8A2BE2‘
    ‚CommandParameter‘ = ‚#FF000080‘
    ‚Comment‘ = ‚#FF006400‘
    ‚GroupEnd‘ = ‚#FF000000‘
    ‚GroupStart‘ = ‚#FF000000‘
    ‚Keyword‘ = ‚#FF00008B‘
    ‚LineContinuation‘ = ‚#FF000000‘
    ‚LoopLabel‘ = ‚#FF00008B‘
    ‚Member‘ = ‚#FF000000‘
    ‚NewLine‘ = ‚#FF000000‘
    ‚Number‘ = ‚#FF800080‘
    ‚Operator‘ = ‚#FFA9A9A9‘
    ‚Position‘ = ‚#FF000000‘
    ‚StatementSeparator‘ = ‚#FF000000‘
    ‚String‘ = ‚#FF8B0000‘
    ‚Type‘ = ‚#FF008080‘
    ‚Unknown‘ = ‚#FF000000‘
    ‚Variable‘ = ‚#FFFF4500‘
}

if($psise)
{
    $tokenColours = $psise.Options.TokenColors
}

Add-Type -Assembly System.Web
Add-Type -Assembly PresentationCore

# Create RTF block from text using named console colors.
function Append-RtfBlock ($block, $tokenColor)
{
    $colorIndex = $rtfColorMap.$tokenColor
    $block = $block.Replace(‚\‘,‚\\‘).Replace(„`r`n“,„\cf1\par`r`n“)
    $block = $block.Replace(„`t“,‚\tab‘).Replace(‚{‚,‚\{‚).Replace(‚}‘,‚\}‘)
    $null = $rtfBuilder.Append(„\cf$colorIndex $block“)
}

# Generate an HTML span and append it to HTML string builder
$currentLine = 1
function Append-HtmlSpan ($block, $tokenColor)
{
    if (($tokenColor -eq ‚NewLine‘) -or ($tokenColor -eq ‚LineContinuation‘))
    {
        if($tokenColor -eq ‚LineContinuation‘)
        {
            $null = $codeBuilder.Append(‚`‘)
        }
       
        $null = $codeBuilder.Append(„<br />`r`n“)
        $null = $lineBuilder.Append(„{0:000}<BR />“ -f $currentLine)
        $SCRIPT:currentLine++
    }
    else
    {
        $block = [System.Web.HttpUtility]::HtmlEncode($block)
        if (-not $block.Trim())
        {
            $block = $block.Replace(‚ ‚, ‚&nbsp;‘)
        }

        $htmlColor = $tokenColours[$tokenColor].ToString().Replace(‚#FF‘, ‚#‘)

        if(($tokenColor -eq ‚String‘) -or ($tokenColor -eq ‚Comment‘))
        {
            $lines = $block -split „`n“
            $block = „“

            $multipleLines = $false
            foreach($line in $lines)
            {
                if($multipleLines)
                {
                    $block += „<BR />`r`n“
                   
                    $null = $lineBuilder.Append(„{0:000}<BR />“ -f $currentLine)
                    $SCRIPT:currentLine++
                }

                $newText = $line.TrimStart()
                $newText = „&nbsp;“ * ($line.Length  $newText.Length) + 
                    $newText
                $block += $newText
                $multipleLines = $true
            }
        }
   
        $null = $codeBuilder.Append(
            „<span style=’color:$htmlColor‘>$block</span>“)
    }
}

function GetHtmlClipboardFormat($html)
{
    $header = @“
Version:1.0
StartHTML:0000000000
EndHTML:0000000000
StartFragment:0000000000
EndFragment:0000000000
StartSelection:0000000000
EndSelection:0000000000
SourceURL:file:///about:blank
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC `“-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN`“>
<HTML>
<HEAD>
<TITLE>HTML Clipboard</TITLE>
</HEAD>
<BODY>
<!–StartFragment–>
<DIV style=’font-family:Consolas,Lucida Console; font-size:10pt;
    width:650; border:1px solid black; overflow:auto; padding:5px‘>
<TABLE BORDER=’0′ cellpadding=’5′ cellspacing=’0′>
<TBODY>
<TR>
    <TD VALIGN=’Top‘>
<DIV style=’font-family:Consolas,Lucida Console; font-size:10pt;
    padding:5px; background:#cecece‘>
__LINES__
</DIV>
    </TD>
    <TD VALIGN=’Top‘ NOWRAP=’NOWRAP‘>
<DIV style=’font-family:Consolas,Lucida Console; font-size:10pt;
    padding:5px; background:#fcfcfc‘>
__HTML__
</DIV>
    </TD>
</TR>
</TBODY>
</TABLE>
</DIV>
<!–EndFragment–>
</BODY>
</HTML>
„@

    $header = $header.Replace(„__LINES__“, $lineBuilder.ToString())
    $startFragment = $header.IndexOf(„<!–StartFragment–>“) +
        „<!–StartFragment–>“.Length + 2
    $endFragment = $header.IndexOf(„<!–EndFragment–>“) +
        $html.Length  „__HTML__“.Length
    $startHtml = $header.IndexOf(„<!DOCTYPE“)
    $endHtml = $header.Length + $html.Length  „__HTML__“.Length
    $header = $header -replace „StartHTML:0000000000“,
        („StartHTML:{0:0000000000}“ -f $startHtml)
    $header = $header -replace „EndHTML:0000000000“,
        („EndHTML:{0:0000000000}“ -f $endHtml)
    $header = $header -replace „StartFragment:0000000000“,
        („StartFragment:{0:0000000000}“ -f $startFragment)
    $header = $header -replace „EndFragment:0000000000“,
        („EndFragment:{0:0000000000}“ -f $endFragment)
    $header = $header -replace „StartSelection:0000000000“,
        („StartSelection:{0:0000000000}“ -f $startFragment)
    $header = $header -replace „EndSelection:0000000000“,
        („EndSelection:{0:0000000000}“ -f $endFragment)
    $header = $header.Replace(„__HTML__“, $html)
   
    Write-Verbose $header
    $header
}

function Main
{
    $text = $null
   
    if($path)
    {
        $text = (Get-Content $path) -join „`r`n“
    }
    else
    {
        if (-not $psise.CurrentFile)
        {
            Write-Error ‚No script is available for copying.‘
            return
        }
       
        $text = $psise.CurrentFile.Editor.Text
    }

    trap { break }

    # Do syntax parsing.
    $errors = $null
    $tokens = [system.management.automation.psparser]::Tokenize($Text,
        [ref] $errors)

    # Initialize HTML builder.
    $codeBuilder = new-object system.text.stringbuilder
    $lineBuilder = new-object system.text.stringbuilder
    $null = $lineBuilder.Append(„{0:000}<BR />“ -f $currentLine)
    $SCRIPT:currentLine++
  

    # Initialize RTF builder.
    $rtfBuilder = new-object system.text.stringbuilder
   
    # Append RTF header
    $header = „{\rtf1\fbidis\ansi\ansicpg1252\deff0\deflang1033{\fonttbl“ +
        „{\f0\fnil\fcharset0;}}“
    $null = $rtfBuilder.Append($header)
    $null = $rtfBuilder.Append(„`r`n“)

    # Append RTF color table which will contain all Powershell console colors.
    $null = $rtfBuilder.Append(„{\colortbl ;“)
   
    # Generate RTF color definitions for each token type.
    $rtfColorIndex = 1
    $rtfColors = @{}
    $rtfColorMap = @{}
   
    [Enum]::GetNames([System.Management.Automation.PSTokenType]) | % {
        $tokenColor = $tokenColours[$_];
        $rtfColor = „\red$($tokenColor.R)\green$($tokenColor.G)\blue“ +
            „$($tokenColor.B);“
        if ($rtfColors.Keys -notcontains $rtfColor)
        {
            $rtfColors.$rtfColor = $rtfColorIndex
            $null = $rtfBuilder.Append($rtfColor)
            $rtfColorMap.$_ = $rtfColorIndex
            $rtfColorIndex ++
        }
        else
        {
            $rtfColorMap.$_ = $rtfColors.$rtfColor
        }
    }
   
    $null = $rtfBuilder.Append(‚}‘)
    $null = $rtfBuilder.Append(„`r`n“)
   
    # Append RTF document settings.
    $null = $rtfBuilder.Append(‚\viewkind4\uc1\pard\f0\fs20 ‚)
   
    # Iterate over the tokens and set the colors appropriately.
    $position = 0
    foreach ($token in $tokens)
    {
        if ($position -lt $token.Start)
        {
            $block = $text.Substring($position, ($token.Start  $position))
            $tokenColor = ‚Unknown‘
            Append-RtfBlock $block $tokenColor
            Append-HtmlSpan $block $tokenColor
        }
       
        $block = $text.Substring($token.Start, $token.Length)
        $tokenColor = $token.Type.ToString()
        Append-RtfBlock $block $tokenColor
        Append-HtmlSpan $block $tokenColor
       
        $position = $token.Start + $token.Length
    }

    # Append RTF ending brace.
    $null = $rtfBuilder.Append(‚}‘)

    $code = $codeBuilder.ToString()
    $html = GetHtmlClipboardFormat($code)

    $dataObject = New-Object Windows.DataObject
   
    if($AsHtml)
    {
        ## Copy buffer contents as HTML
        $dataObject.SetText([string] $html, [Windows.TextDataFormat]„UnicodeText“)
    }
    else
    {
        # Copy console screen buffer contents to clipboard in three formats –
        # text, HTML and RTF.
        $dataObject.SetText([string]$text, [Windows.TextDataFormat]„UnicodeText“)
        $rtf = $rtfBuilder.ToString()
        $dataObject.SetText([string]$rtf, [Windows.TextDataFormat]„Rtf“)
       
        $dataObject.SetText([string]$html, [Windows.TextDataFormat]„Html“)
    }

    [Windows.Clipboard]::SetDataObject($dataObject, $true)
}

. Main

 

  1. Script abspeichern als z.b. Set-ClipboardScript.ps1 im C:\temp
  2. PowerShell ISE öffnen, ins C:\temp wechseln
  3. Den zu kopierenden/zu formatierenden PowerShell Code ins ISE Script Pane (weisse Fläche) kopieren
  4. Set-ClipboardScript.ps1 in der blauen Fläche, bei den Commands, ausführen
  5. Code ist jetzt formatiert in der Zwischenablage. Windows Live Writer öffnen, Blog Post öffnen
  6. Edit > Paste Special > Keep Formatting wählen
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